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The Hindu Star Catalogue of India

Today is Phālguṇa Pūrṇimā, i.e., Holi festival! Greetings on that occassion as well as Lakshmi Jayanti (Uttaraphalguṇī) a.k.a the birth anniversay of Mother Lakṣmidēvī.

Indians have been observing the stars for many millenia. The categorical list of 27 nakṣatras (28 including Abhijit) are recorded in the Yajurveda (Taittirīya-Saṃhitā 4.4.10, Taittirīya-Brāhmaṇa 1.1.2.4). The following is a bit more comprehensive, longer catalog of popular stars known to us. The Hindu names are hyphenated by a halves’ number, if applicable.

Hindu Name Bayer Designation Common Name
Aṡvinī β Arietis Sheratan
Bharaṇī 41 Arietis
Kṛttikā η Tauri Alcyone
Rōhiṇī α Tauri Aldebaran
Mṛgaṡirā L Orionis
Ārdrā α Orionis Betelgeuse
Punarvasu–1 β Geminorum Pollux
Punarvasu–2 α Geminorum cg Castor
Puṣya δ Cancri
Āṡlēṣā ε Hyrdae A
Maghā α Leonis Regulus
Pūrvaphalguṇī–1 δ Leonis Zosma
Pūrvaphalguṇī–2 θ Leonis
Uttaraphalguṇī–1 β Leonis Denebola
Uttaraphalguṇī–2 93 Leonis
Hastā δ Corvi Algorel
Citrā α Virginis Spica
Svātī α Bootis Arcturus
Viṡākhā α, ι Librae Zuben-el-Dschenubi
Anurādhā δ Scorpii Dschubba
Jyēṣṭhā α Scorpii cg Antares
Mūlā λ Scorpii Aa Shaula
Pūrvāṣāḍhā–1 δ Sagittarii
Pūrvāṣāḍhā–2 ε Sagittarii Kaus Australis
Uttarāṣāḍhā σ Sagittarii Nunki
Abhijit α Lyrae Vega
Ṡravaṇā α Aquilae Altair
Dhaniṣṭhā–1 β Delphini m Rotanev
Dhaniṣṭhā–2 α Delphini m Saulocin
Ṡatabhiṣā λ Aquarii
Pūrvābhādrā–1 α Pegasi Markab
Pūrvābhādrā–2 β Pegasi Scheat
Uttarābhādra–2 α Andromedae Alpheratz
Rēvatī ζ Piscium
Dhruva α Ursae Mins Polaris
Agni β Tauri El Nath
Brahmahṛdaya α Aurigae Capella
Prajāpati δ Aurigae
Agastya α Carinae Canopus
Lubdhaka α Canis Maj cg Sirius
Ādhāra ε Canis Maj
Kratu α Ursae Maj Dubhe
Pulaha β Ursae Maj Merak
Pulastya γ Ursae Maj Phad / Phecda
Atri δ Ursae Maj Megrez
Aṅgirā ε Ursae Maj Alioth
Vasiṣṭha ζ Ursae Maj pr Mizar
Marīci η Ursae Maj Alkaid / Benetnasch
Arundhati 80 Ursae Maj Alcor

See also:

  1. FK5 to Common Name look up index
  2. Indian Astronomical Ephemeris