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Number of verses in the Mahabharata according to itself

In this article, we are going to compare the expected number and the actual number of verses in various editions of Mahabharata.

Expected Number of Verses

The second chapter of the Mahabharata Book 1 (Adiparva, adhyaya 2) is called parva-sangraha-parva, which proclaims the number of chapters (adhyāyas) and verses (ṡlokas) each of the maha-parvas is supposed to contain.

This is not the number of verses actually present in the printed editions. Instead, this is the expected number of verses as claimed within the corresponding text of Mahabharata itself! For example, see here

Gita Press Verses BORI Verses Kumbakonam Verses PPS Sastri Verses Dvaita Verses
Adi 227 8884 218 7984 227 8884 218 9884 218 9884
Sabha 78 2511 72 2511 78 2511 72 4511 72 4511
Aranyaka 269 11664 269 11664 269 11664 269 11664 269 11664
Virata 67 2050 67 2050 67 2050 67 3500 67 3500
Udyoga 186 6698 186 6698 186 6698 186 7998 186 7998
Bhishma 117 5884 117 5884 117 5884 118 5884 118 5884
Drona 170 8909 170 8909 170 8909 170 8909 170 8909
Karna 69 4964 69 4900 69 4964 69 4900 69 4964
Shalya 59 3220 59 3220 59 3220 59 3220 59 3220
Sauptika 18 870 18 870 18 870 18 870 18 870
Stri 27 775 27 775 27 775 27 775 27 775
Shanti 339 14732[1] 339 14525 329 14725[1] 339 14525 339 14525
Anushasana 146 8000 146 6700 146 8000 156 12000 156 12000
Asvamedhika 103 3320 133 3320 103 3320 133 4420 133 4420
Asramavasika 42 1506 42 1506 42 1506 42 1906 42 1906
Mausala 8 320 8 300 8 320 8 300 8 300
Mahaprasthanika 3 123[2] 3 120 3 320[2] 3 120 3 120
Svargarohana 5 209 5 200 5 209 5 200 5 200
TOTAL 1933 84639 1948 82136 1923 84829 1959 95586 1959 95650

Actual Number of Verses

Gita Press lists parva-wise verse count in the last page of last volume (Vol 6) taking the equivalent of Anuṣṭup meter (32 syllables = 1 ṡloka). That is, the prose passages and other metres are counted in multiples of 32 syllables as one verse. Hence the use of fractions. But these counts sometimes don’t match the end-of-parva numbers.

Gita Press Northern Southern BORI Verses Kumbakonam Verses PPS Sastri Ṡlokas Vākyas Dvaita
Adi 233 8890.0000 736.5000 225 7202 260 10889 218 9984 233 237
Sabha 87[3] 2813.1250 1243.3750 72 2395 103 4367 72 4511 100
Aranyaka 315 12188.8750 87.5000 299 10321 315 12476 269 11056 82 305
Virata 72 2408.5000 282.5000 67 1829 78 3494 67 3500 76
Udyoga 196 7056.9375 76.0625 197 6068 196 6753 186 6667 198
Bhishma 122 6022.3125 77.6875 117 5411 122 5809 118 5884 119
Drona 202 9780.3125 136.8750 173 8157 203 10012 170 9555 185
Karna 96 5340.3125 164.0000 69 3876 101 4975 110 5001 93
Shalya 65 3689.1250 48.8750 64 3320 66 3594[4] 59 3557 35
Sauptika 18 809.7500 1.0000 18 777 18 815 18 820 10
Stri 27 828.8750 1.0000 27 735 27 807 27 785 27
Shanti 365 14271.6875 453.8750 353 12871 375 15151 339 15484 690 366
Anushasana 185[5] 7840.4375 1970.5000 154 6541 272 11194 156 10249 40 257
Asvamedhika 113[6] 2917.9375 1299.3750 96 2748 118 4555 124[7] 4613 118
Asramavasika 39 1107.7500 1.5000 47 1067 41 1098 42 1108 43
Mausala 8 301.2500 3.5000 9 278 9 301 8 300 9
Mahaprasthanika 3 114.7500 0.0000 3 111 3 111 3 115 4
Svargarohana 5 218.6250 0.0000 5 199 5 232 5 200 6
TOTAL 2145 86600.5625 6584.125 1995 73906 2312 96633 1991[7] 93389 1045 2188

BORI verse count is calculated from John Smith’s machine-readable text files and snippet of python:

import sys

numbers = set()
with open(sys.argv[1]) as f:
    for line in f:
        if lеn(line[0:8]) == 8:
            numbers.add(line[0:8])

print(lеn(numbers))

Thus the number of Shlokas in the BORI Critical Edition totals to 73784 or 73787 according to Bibek Debroy’s Mahabharata books or 73640 as per Vishwa Adluri (citing Brockington). If we include the 6073 Shlokas contained in Harivamsha, it amounts to 79857 or 79860 or 79713. However, my own calculation is shown in the table above. All of these numbers fall short of the tally given in the second chapter of Critical Edition itself!

The Mahabharata published by Gita Press (Gorakhpur) is largely based on Nilakantha’s edition but also includes prominent verses from the Southern Recension. There are about 86600½ North Indian and 6584¼ South Indian verses, totaling to ~93185.

Historical Computations

According to Ānandapurṇa Vidyāsāgara, who authored the Ratnāvalī commentary before 1400 CE, the Mahabharata has 1,02,555 verses.

Ṡrī Vādirāja Tīrtha, foremost of the Dvaita Vedanta school, mentions in his Lakṣālaṅkāra:

भारतश्लोकाः पर्वसङ्ग्रहोक्तप्रकारेण गणनया लक्षादुपरि त्रिसहस्रोत्तरशतं चतुस्त्रिंशच्च (१०३१३४) । हरिवंशश्लोकानां सङ्ख्या चतुर्विंशतिसाहस्री उपाख्यानश्लोकैर्विना । उपाख्यानश्लोकसहस्रेण पञ्चविंशतिसाहस्रीति विवेकः

which means, “According to the Parvasaṅgraha, there are 1,03,134 verses in the Bhārata. Harivamṡa has 24,000 verses excluding the upākhyānas. Including the 1000 verses of upākhyānas, it totals to 25,000”

Nīlakaṇṭha’s commentary includes about 18,000 verses of Harivamsha, so roughly 86000 + 18000 = 104000 stanzas in his work.

P.P.S Sastri’s Madras (southern) recension includes about 20,000 verses of Harivamṡa, totalling to about 1,12,000 stanzas.

Citations

The exact verses proclaiming these numbers are given below:

Dvaita

Adi:

ityētadādiparvōktaṃ prathamaṃ bahuvistaram .
adhyāyānāṃ ṡatē dvē tu saṅkhyātē paramarṣiṇā ..100..
aṣṭādaṡaiva cādhyāyā vyāsēnōttamatējasā .
navaṡlōkasahasrāṇi ṡatānyaṣṭau tathaiva ca1 ..101..
ṡlōkāṡca caturāṡītirdṛṣṭō granthō mahātmanā .
dvitīyaṃ tu sabhāparva samākhyātaṃ mahātmanā ..102..

Sabha:

ētatsarvaṃ sabhāparva vyākhyātaṃ paramarṣiṇā .
adhyāyāḥ saptatirjn̄ēyā dvau cātra parisaṅkhyayā ..109.. catuḥṡlōkasahasrāṇi pan̄ca ṡlōkaṡatāni ca .
ṡlōkāṡcaikādaṡa jn̄ēyāḥ parvaṇyasminprakīrtitāḥ ..110..

Aranyaka:

jagmurlabdhavarā yatra pāṇḍavāḥ paṡcimāṃ diṡam .
ētadāraṇyakaṃ parva tṛtīyaṃ parikīrtitam ..139..
atrādhyāyaṡatē dvē tu saṅkhyātē paramarṣiṇā .
ēkōnasaptatiṡcaiva tathādhyāyāḥ prakīrtitāḥ ..140..
ēkādaṡasahasrāṇi ṡlōkānāṃ ṣaṭṡatāni ca .
catuḥṣaṣṭistathā ṡlōkāḥ parvaṇyasmin prakīrtitāḥ ..141..

Virata:

atra cōpari saṅkhyānaṃ adhyāyānāṃ mahātmanā .
saptaṣaṣṭirathō pūrṇā ṡlōkāgramapi mē ṡṛṇu ..147..
trīṇi ṡlōkasahasrāṇi pan̄caṡlōkaṡatāni ca .
parvaṇyasmin samākhyātaṃ saṅkhyayā paramarṣiṇā ..148..

Udyoga:

udyōgaparva nirdiṣṭaṃ sandhivigrahasan̄jn̄itam .
adhyāyāḥ saṅkhyayā tatra ṣaḍaṡītiṡataṃ smṛtam ..166..
ṡlōkāḥ saptasahasrāṇi navaṡlōkaṡatāni ca * .
ṡlōkāṡca navatiḥ prōktāstathaivāṣṭau mahātmanā ..167..

Bhishma:

adhyāyānāṃ ṡataṃ prōktam aṣṭādaṡa tathāparē * .
pan̄ca ṡlōkasahasrāṇi saṅkhyayāṣṭau ṡatāni ca ..173..
ṡlōkāṡca caturāṡītirasmin parvaṇi kīrtitāḥ .
vyāsēna vēdaviduṣā saṅkhyayā bhīṣmaparvaṇi ..174..

Drona:

saptamaṃ bhārataṃ parva mahadētadudāhṛtam .
adhyāyānāṃ ṡataṃ prōktamadhyāyāḥ saptatiḥ smṛtāḥ * ..183..
aṣṭau ṡlōkasahasrāṇi tathā nava ṡatāni ca .
ṡlōkā nava tathaivātra saṅkhyātāstattvadarṡinā ..184..

Karna:

aṣṭamaṃ parva nirdiṣṭamētadbhāratacintakaiḥ .
ēkōnasaptatiḥ prōktā adhyāyāḥ karṇaparvaṇi ..189..
catvāryēva sahasrāṇi nava ṡlōkaṡatāni ca .
catuṣṣaṣṭistathā ṡlōkāḥ parvaṇyasmin prakīrtitāḥ ..190..

Shalya:

navamaṃ parva nirdiṣṭaṃ ētadadbhutamarthavat .
ēkōnaṣaṣṭiradhyāyāstatra saṅkhyāviṡāradaiḥ ..195..
saṅkhyātā bahuvṛttāntāḥ ṡlōkāgraṃ yatra ṡasyatē .
trīṇi ṡlōkasahasrāṇi dvē ṡatē viṃṡatistathā ..196..

Sauptika:

aṣṭādaṡāsminnadhyāyāḥ parvaṇyuktā mahātmanā .
ṡlōkāgraṃ cātra kathitaṃ ṡatānyaṣṭau tathaiva ca ..209..
ṡlōkāṡca saptatiḥ prōktā yathāvadanusaṅkhyayā .
sauptikaiṣīkasambandhē parvaṇyuttamatējasī ..210..

Stri:

saptaviṃṡatiradhyāyāḥ parvaṇyasminnudāhṛtāḥ .
ṡlōkāḥ saptaṡataṃ cāpi pan̄casaptatirucyatē * ..215..
saṅkhyayā bhāratākhyānaṃ kṛtaṃ cātra mahātmanā .
praṇītaṃ sajjanamanōvaiklavyāṡrupravartanam ..216..

Shanti:

dvādaṡaṃ parva nirdiṣṭamētat prājn̄ajanapriyam .
parvaṇyatra parijn̄ēyamadhyāyānāṃ ṡatatrayam ..221..
triṃṡaccaiva tathādhyāyā nava caiva tapōdhanāḥ .
ṡlōkānāṃ ca sahasrāṇi kīrtitāni caturdaṡa ..222..

Anushasana:

ētat trayōdaṡaṃ parva dharmaniṡcayakāraṇam .
adhyāyānāṃ ṡataṃ tvatra ṣaṭpan̄cāṡacchatōttaram * ..228..
ṡlōkānāṃ ca * sahasrāṇi dvādaṡaivēti kīrtyatē .
atō’ṡvamēdhikaṃ nāma parva prōktaṃ caturdaṡam ..229..

Asvamedhika:

ityāṡvamēdhikaṃ parva prōktamētanmahādbhutam .
atrādhyāyaṡataṃ triṃṡat trayō’dhyāyāṡca ṡabditāḥ * ..235..
catvāryēva sahasrāṇi * tāvantyēva ṡatāni ca .
viṃṡatiṡca tathā ṡlōkāḥ saṅkhyātāstattvadarṡinā ..236..

Asramavasika:

dvicatvāriṃṡadadhyāyāḥ parvaitadabhisaṅkhyayā .
sahasramēkaṃ ṡlōkānāṃ navaṡlōkaṡatāni ca * ..244..
ṣaḍēva ca tathā ṡlōkāḥ saṅkhyātāstattvadarṡinā .
ataḥ paraṃ nibōdhēdaṃ mausalaṃ bhṛṡadāruṇam ..245..

Mausala:

itīdaṃ mausalaṃ parva ṣōḍaṡaṃ parikīrtitam .
aṣṭādhyāyāḥ prasaṅkhyātāḥ ṡlōkāgraṃ ca ṡatatrayam ..254..

Mahaprasthanika:

draupadyā sahitā dēvyā siddhiṃ paramikāṃ gatāḥ .
adhyāyāṡca trayaḥ prōktāḥ ṡlōkānāṃ ca tathā ṡatam * ..257..
viṃṡatiṡca tathā ṡlōkāḥ saṅkhyātāstattvadarṡinā .
svargaparva tataḥ prōktaṃ divyaṃ yattadamānuṣam ..258..

Svargarohana:

adhyāyāḥ pan̄ca saṅkhyātāḥ parvaitadabhisaṅkhyayā .
ṡlōkānāṃ dvē ṡatē caiva prasaṅkhyātē tapōdhanāḥ ..259..

Kumbakonam

Adi:

ityētadādiparvōktaṃ prathamaṃ bahu vistaram.. 1–2–130(431)
adhyāyānāṃ ṡatē dvē tu saṃkhyātē paramarṣiṇā.
saptaviṃṡatiradhyāyā vyāsēnōttamatējasā.. 1–2–131(432)
aṣṭau ṡlōkasahasrāṇi aṣṭau ṡlōkaṡatāni ca.
ṡlōkāṡca caturāṡītirmuninōktā mahātmanā.. 1–2–132(433)

Sabha:

ētatsarvaṃ sabhāparva samākhyātaṃ mahātmanā.. 1–2–141(442)
adhyāyāḥ saptatirjn̄ēyāstathā cāṣṭau prasaṃkhyayā.
ṡlōkānāṃ dvē sahasrē tu pan̄ca ṡlōkaṡatāni ca.. 1–2–142(443)
ṡlōkāṡcaikādaṡa jn̄ēyāḥ parvaṇyasmindvijōttamāḥ.
ataḥ paraṃ tṛtīyaṃ tu jn̄ēyamāraṇyakaṃ mahat.. 1–2–143(444)

Aranyaka:

jagmurlabdhavarā yatra pāṇḍavāḥ paṡcimāṃ diṡam.
ētadāraṇyakaṃ parva tṛtīyaṃ parikīrtitam.. 1–2–204(505)
atrādhyāyaṡatē dvē tu saṃkhyayā parikīrtitē.
ēkōnasaptatiṡcaiva tathā’dhyāyāḥ prakīrtitāḥ.. 1–2–205(506)
ēkādaṡa sahasrāṇi ṡlōkānāṃ ṣaṭ ṡatāni ca.
catuḥṣaṣṭistathā ṡlōkāḥ parvaṇyasminprakīrtitāḥ.. 1–2–206(507)

Virata:

caturthamētadvipulaṃ vairāṭaṃ parva varṇitam.
atrāpi parisaṃkhyātā adhyāyāḥ paramarṣiṇā.. 1–2–216(517)
saptaṣaṣṭirathō pūrṇāḥ ṡlōkānāmapi mē ṡṛṇu.
ṡlōkānāṃ dvē sahasrē tu ṡlōkāḥ pan̄cāṡadēva tu.. 1–2–217(518)

Udyoga:

udyōgaparva nirdiṣṭaṃ sandhivigrahamiṡritam.
adhyāyānāṃ ṡataṃ prōktaṃ ṣaḍaṡītirmaharṣiṇā.. 1–2–243(544)
ṡlōkānāṃ ṣaṭ sahasrāṇi tāvantyēva ṡatāni ca.
ṡlōkāṡca navatiḥ prōktāstathaivāṣṭau mahātmanā.. 1–2–244(545)

Bhishma:

ṡaratalpagataṡcaiva bhīṣmō yatra babhūva ha.
ṣaṣṭhamētatsamākhyātaṃ bhāratē parva vistṛtam.. 1–2–252(553)
adhyāyānāṃ ṡataṃ prōktaṃ tathā saptadaṡāparē.
pan̄ca ṡlōkasahasrāṇi saṃkhyayāṣṭau ṡatāni ca.. 1–2–253(554)
ṡlōkāṡca caturāṡītirasminparvaṇi kīrtitāḥ.
vyāsēna vēdaviduṣā saṃkhyātā bhīṣmaparvaṇi.. 1–2–254(555)

Drona:

drōṇaparvaṇi yē ṡaūrā nirdiṣṭāḥ puruṣarṣabhāḥ.
atrādhyāyaṡataṃ prōktaṃ tathādhyāyāṡca saptatiḥ.. 1–2–269(570)
aṣṭau ṡlōkasahasrāṇi tathā nava ṡatāni ca.
ṡlōkā nava tathaivātra saṃkhyātāstattvadarṡinā.. 1–2–270(571)

Karna:

ēkōnasaptatiḥ prōktā adhyāyāḥ karṇaparvaṇi.
catvāryēva sahasrāṇi nava ṡlōkaṡatāni ca.. 1–2–279(580)
catuḥṣaṣṭistathā ṡlōkāḥ parvaṇyasminprakīrtitāḥ.
ataḥ paraṃ vicitrārthaṃ ṡalyaparva prakīrtitam.. 1–2–280(581)

Shalya:

ēkōnaṣaṣṭiradhyāyāḥ parvaṇyatra prakīrtitāḥ.
saṃkhyātā bahuvṛttāntāḥ ṡlōkasaṃkhyā’tra kathyatē.. 1–2–290(591)
trīṇi ṡlōkasahasrāṇi dvē ṡatē viṃṡatistathā.
muninā saṃpraṇītāni kauravāṇāṃ yaṡōbhṛtā.. 1–2–291(592)

Sauptika:

ētadvai daṡamaṃ parva sauptikaṃ samudāhṛtam.
aṣṭādaṡāsminnadyāyāḥ parvamyuktā mahātmanā.. 1–2–311(612)
ṡlōkānāṃ kathitānyatra ṡatānyaṣṭau prasaṃkhyayā.
ṡlōkāṡca saptatiḥ prōktā muninā brahmavādinā.. 1–2–312(613)
sauptikaiṣīkasaṃbandhē parvaṇyuttamatējasī.
ata ūrdhvamidaṃ prāhuḥ strīparva karuṇōdayam.. 1–2–313(614)

Stri:

praṇītaṃ sajjanamanōvaiklavyāṡrupravartakam.
saptaviṃṡatiradhyāyāḥ parvaṇyasminprakīrtitāḥ.. 1–2–324(625)
ṡlōkasaptaṡatī cāpi pan̄casaptatisaṃyutā.
saṃkhyayā bhāratākhyānamuktaṃ vyāsēna dhīmatā.. 1–2–325(626)

Shanti:

dvādaṡaṃ parva nirdiṣṭamētatprājn̄ajanapriyam.
atra parvaṇi vijn̄ēyamadhyāyānāṃ ṡatatrayam.. 1–2–330(631)
viṃṡaccaiva tathādhyāyā nava caiva tapōdhanāḥ.
caturdaṡasahasrāṇi tathā saptaṡatāni ca.. 1–2–331(632)
saptaṡlōkāstathaivātra pan̄caviṃṡatisaṃkhyayā.
ata ūrdhvaṃ ca vijn̄ēyamanuṡāsanamuttamam.. 1–2–332(633)

Anushasana:

ētattrayōdaṡaṃ parva dharmaniṡcayakārakam.
adhyāyānāṃ ṡataṃ tvatra ṣaṭcatvāriṃṡadēva tu.. 1–2–338(639)
ṡlōkānāṃ tu sahasrāṇi prōktānyaṣṭau prasaṃkhyayā.
tatō’ṡvamēdhikaṃ nāma parva prōktaṃ caturdaṡam.. 1–2–339(640)

Asvamedhika:

ityāṡvamēdhikaṃ parva prōktamētanmahādbhutam.
adhyāyānāṃ ṡataṃ caiva trayō’dhyāyāṡca kīrtitāḥ.. 1–2–344(645)
trīṇi ṡlōkasahasrāṇi tāvantyēva ṡatāni ca.
viṃṡatiṡca tathā ṡlōkāḥ saṃkhyātāstattvadarṡinā.. 1–2–345(646)

Asramavasika:

dvicatvāriṃṡadadhyāyāḥ parvaitadabhisaṅkhyayā.
sahasramēkaṃ ṡlōkānāṃ pan̄caṡlōkaṡatāni ca.. 1–2–353(654)
ṣaḍēva ca tathā ṡlōkāḥ saṃkhyātāstattvadarṡinā.
ataḥ paraṃ nibōdhēdaṃ mausalaṃ parva dāruṇam.. 1–2–354(655)

Mausala:

ityētanmausalaṃ parva ṣōḍaṡaṃ parikīrtitam.
adhyāyāṣṭau samākhyātāḥ ṡlōkānāṃ ca ṡatatrayam.. 1–2–364(665)
ṡlōkānāṃ viṃṡatiṡcava saṃkhyātā tattvadarṡinā.

Mahaprasthanika:

yatrādhyāyāstrayaḥ prōktāḥ ṡlōkānāṃ ca ṡatatrayam.
viṃṡatiṡca tathā ṡlōkāḥ saṃkhyātāstattvadarṡinā.. 1–2–370(671)

Svargarohana:

adhyāyāḥ pan̄ca saṃkhyātāḥ parvamyasminmahātmanā.
ṡlōkānāṃ dvē ṡatē caiva prasaṃkhyātē tapōdhāḥ.. 1–2–378(679)
nava ṡlōkāstathaivānyē saṅkhyātāḥ paramarṣiṇā.
aṣṭādaṡaivamētāni parvāṇyētānyaṡēṣataḥ.. 1–2–379

Gita Press

Gita Press lists the exact same verses as above for Kumbakonam, hence they’re not repeated here. The only difference is in the number of adhyayas for Shanti Parva – Gita Press says 339, Kumbakonam says 329.

TTD version of MBh follows the exact same verses as Gita Press (including 339).

Adi 1.2.130
Sabha 1.2.142
Aranyaka 1.2.203
Virata 1.2.215
Udyoga 1.2.242
Bhishma 1.2.252
Drona 1.2.267
Karna 1.2.278
Shalya 1.2.289
Sauptika 1.2.311
Stri 1.2.323
Shanti 1.2.330
Anushasana 1.2.337
Ashvamedhika 1.2.343
Ashramavasika 1.2.352
Maushala 1.2.363
Mahaprasthanika 1.2.369
Svargarohana 1.2.377

The differing verse for Shanti Parva is thus:

triṃṡaccaiva tathādhyāyā nava caiva tapōdhanāḥ.
caturdaṡasahasrāṇi tathā saptaṡatāni ca.. 1–2–330
saptaṡlōkāstathaivātra pan̄caviṃṡatisaṃkhyayā.
ata ūrdhvaṃ ca vijn̄ēyam anuṡāsanamuttamam.. 1–2–331

References:

Sukthankar’s Table I (p 424) pdf

Kumbakonam Edition Shloka Sankhya

PPS Sastri’s Adi Parva - 1, Table on page xviii

PPS Sastri’s Karna Parva, Table III

http://sanskrit.jnu.ac.in/rstudents/mphil/diwakar-mani.pdf


  1. The verse “saptaṡlōkāstathaivātra pan̄caviṃṡatisaṃkhyayā” is interpreted as 25 by Kumbakonam (see Sukthankar’s Table I) and 25 + 7 = 32 by Gita Press  ↩

  2. The verse “ṡlōkānāṃ ca ṡatatrayam / viṃṡatiṡca tathā ṡlōkāḥ” is interpreted as 320 by Kumbakonam (see Sukthankar’s Table I)and 123 by Gita Press  ↩

  3. 81 Northern and 6 Southern chapters (728.5 verses) inserted in/after Chapter 38. Another 100 verses are dispersed within Chapter 31.  ↩

  4. The table in “Kumbakonam Shloka Sankhya” says 3596, but it’s actually 3594 later in the same document.  ↩

  5. 168 Northern and 17 Southern chapters are inserted in/after Chapter 145  ↩

  6. 92 Northern and 21 chapters of “Vaiṣṇava Dharma” specific to Southern recension.  ↩

  7. Sastri also splits this into 133 chapters by following a different enumeration (see Preface). Thus, the total number of adhyayas becomes 1991 + 9 = 2000 exactly  ↩